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We are so accustomed to operating with medical terms, that we do not even try to understand their meaning. Here, for example, immunity. Does everyone understand what it is? We turned to the allergologist-immunologist of the clinic "Semeynaya", the doctor of the highest category Gayane Keropyan, to find out everything about the body's defense system.

Strengthening Immunity Competently


Weakened immunity

What does "weakened immunity" mean? Many regard this as a consequence of other health problems, and not as a separate diagnosis.
The word "immunity" comes from the Latin immunitas - "liberation", "deliverance". And denotes the defensive reaction of the body, the ability to be cleansed in a timely manner from damaging agents. Thanks to her, the person copes with the disease and recovers. The immune system consists of several links: humoral (conditioned by the presence of special antibodies in the blood), cellular (lymphocytic and phagocytic), interferon and others. All of them contribute to the "defense" of health. A shortage or surplus of one of them can lead to a balance breakdown and confuse the protective system. As a result, there is an immunodeficiency or immunoaggression. In both cases, this is a disease. And requires the advice of a physician-immunologist.

Season of diseases

If the main reason for the decrease in immunity is chronic stress, why is the problem seasonal?
The lack of sunlight, prolonged confrontation with the cold, deficiency of vitamins - all this also depletes the body's reserves. In winter we tend to deviate from the rules of healthy eating: we eat less vegetables and fruits, more fat and canned food - and excess weight and dysbacteriosis can seriously weaken the body. In addition, the immune system is harmed by chronic diseases - from hepatitis to the herpes virus. Chronic bacterial infections also have a destructive effect: colitis, bronchitis, sinusitis and so on. That is why it is so important to thoroughly cure, and not jump out to work, just after knocking down the temperature.

How to strengthen immunity

Is it worth it to drink potent immunostimulants? If so, in which cases? Can they be dangerous?
Indeed, everyone knows that "it is necessary to strengthen immunity." And like immunostimulants for this purpose are intended. However, before accepting them, return to the first question and find out which link in the system has failed. And for this, an immunogram is needed. You donate blood from a vein, and experts on it determine the level and correlation of the main "defense factors". After conducting the diagnosis and diagnosing the doctor can prescribe drugs. Without an appointment, it's better not to buy: you risk even more weighting the already strong links of immunity, and leaving without support weakened.

Sports immunity is not a hindrance

I often get sick the next day after going to the gym. How to exercise, if the immunity is not at altitude?
In general, the physical load does not decrease the immunity, rather the opposite. So one of two things: either the intensity of your training does not correspond to the functional state of the organism (that is, you bring yourself to fatigue - and it simply does not have the strength to fight infections), or your immune system is seriously weakened. It should be strengthened with the help of a doctor and special preparations. Until full recovery you will not be able to fully exercise, since immunity is involved in the adaptation of the body to physical exertion.
It is possible, however, and the third option: in your gym you save on cleaning, during the whole day the simulators are not even rubbed - and you constantly touch the infected surfaces with hands or even face. In the influenza season, this is rather risky.

For immunity, see a doctor

Is it possible to improve immunity without injections and pills, with the help of folk remedies? How to determine the moment when a decrease in immunity becomes a problem requiring professional treatment, and neither rest, nor food, nor vitamins will help?
Folk remedies can be very effective. In general, plants are used to treat and prevent diseases. The most popular echinacea, ginseng, licorice, eleutherococcus and magnolia vine. In principle, all plants containing large doses of vitamin C can already be considered folk remedies. But they only help in a harsh environment to maintain at the proper level in general, problem-free immunity.
When the body feels that it can not cope on its own, he begins to hint that it's time to go to the immunologist. The primary signs of a serious decrease in immunity include: chronic fatigue, fatigue, headaches, drowsiness or insomnia, aches in muscles and joints. Alas, these subtle hints very few people understand. At the next stage there are frequent colds, which last more than two weeks. If they beat you more often than five times a year, then the specialist should be treated without fail. As well as purulent diseases of the oral cavity and nasopharynx. The long-term low-grade fever (37 degrees with low degrees), frequent exacerbations of herpes and malfunctions in the work of the gastrointestinal tract also testify to problems with immunity.

Strengthening Immunity Competently

The Benefits of a Diet for Immunity

How do those or other diets affect immunity?
If in winter or in the off-season, when the body is weakened, you decide to lose more than 5 kg, then the risk of diseases increases, and immunosuppression is almost guaranteed. It's better to forget about strict diets. And if I decided to limit myself, start taking vitamins.
Overeating, too, does not increase immunity: first, digestion of heavy food consumes body resources, and secondly, fatty foods, preservatives, and simply uninterrupted supply of food to the stomach prevent the normal absorption of nutrients. Support the immune system will help: seafood, fiber (nuts, bread with bran, cereals, vegetables and fruits), vegetable fats and sour-milk products. Remember that in cold weather it is necessary to drink at least one and a half liters of liquid. It can be herbal tea or rose hips (it has a lot of vitamin C), freshly squeezed juices. To assimilate all useful substances, juice is best to drink 30-40 minutes before or one hour after eating.

Take action against epidemics

How to protect yourself if everyone around is sick?
Strengthening Immunity CompetentlyTo avoid getting infected with the flu, before leaving the house, brush the nose inside with oxolin, ointment with viferon or boric petroleum jelly. They will not allow the virus particles to penetrate the respiratory tract. You can also take a handkerchief and moisten it with aromatic oil of lavender or wormwood. Periodically put it to the nose, especially if someone next door coughs or sneezes. Substances that are contained in these oils, prevent infection with influenza. In addition, for a while forget about decency and eat garlic and onion daily - health is more expensive. Obtain vitamin C from citrus (lemons, oranges, tangerines) and sauerkraut.

Strengthening Immunity Competently

We are so accustomed to operating with medical terms, that we do not even try to understand their meaning. Here, for example, immunity. Does everyone understand what it is? We turned to the allergologist-immunologist of the clinic "Semeynaya", the doctor of the highest category Gayane Keropyan, to find out everything about the body's defense system.

Strengthening Immunity Competently


Weakened immunity

What does "weakened immunity" mean? Many regard this as a consequence of other health problems, and not as a separate diagnosis.
The word "immunity" comes from the Latin immunitas - "liberation", "deliverance". And denotes the defensive reaction of the body, the ability to be cleansed in a timely manner from damaging agents. Thanks to her, the person copes with the disease and recovers. The immune system consists of several links: humoral (conditioned by the presence of special antibodies in the blood), cellular (lymphocytic and phagocytic), interferon and others. All of them contribute to the "defense" of health. A shortage or surplus of one of them can lead to a balance breakdown and confuse the protective system. As a result, there is an immunodeficiency or immunoaggression. In both cases, this is a disease. And requires the advice of a physician-immunologist.

Season of diseases

If the main reason for the decrease in immunity is chronic stress, why is the problem seasonal?
The lack of sunlight, prolonged confrontation with the cold, deficiency of vitamins - all this also depletes the body's reserves. In winter we tend to deviate from the rules of healthy eating: we eat less vegetables and fruits, more fat and canned food - and excess weight and dysbacteriosis can seriously weaken the body. In addition, the immune system is harmed by chronic diseases - from hepatitis to the herpes virus. Chronic bacterial infections also have a destructive effect: colitis, bronchitis, sinusitis and so on. That is why it is so important to thoroughly cure, and not jump out to work, just after knocking down the temperature.

How to strengthen immunity

Is it worth it to drink potent immunostimulants? If so, in which cases? Can they be dangerous?
Indeed, everyone knows that "it is necessary to strengthen immunity." And like immunostimulants for this purpose are intended. However, before accepting them, return to the first question and find out which link in the system has failed. And for this, an immunogram is needed. You donate blood from a vein, and experts on it determine the level and correlation of the main "defense factors". After conducting the diagnosis and diagnosing the doctor can prescribe drugs. Without an appointment, it's better not to buy: you risk even more weighting the already strong links of immunity, and leaving without support weakened.

Sports immunity is not a hindrance

I often get sick the next day after going to the gym. How to exercise, if the immunity is not at altitude?
In general, the physical load does not decrease the immunity, rather the opposite. So one of two things: either the intensity of your training does not correspond to the functional state of the organism (that is, you bring yourself to fatigue - and it simply does not have the strength to fight infections), or your immune system is seriously weakened. It should be strengthened with the help of a doctor and special preparations. Until full recovery you will not be able to fully exercise, since immunity is involved in the adaptation of the body to physical exertion.
It is possible, however, and the third option: in your gym you save on cleaning, during the whole day the simulators are not even rubbed - and you constantly touch the infected surfaces with hands or even face. In the influenza season, this is rather risky.

For immunity, see a doctor

Is it possible to improve immunity without injections and pills, with the help of folk remedies? How to determine the moment when a decrease in immunity becomes a problem requiring professional treatment, and neither rest, nor food, nor vitamins will help?
Folk remedies can be very effective. In general, plants are used to treat and prevent diseases. The most popular echinacea, ginseng, licorice, eleutherococcus and magnolia vine. In principle, all plants containing large doses of vitamin C can already be considered folk remedies. But they only help in a harsh environment to maintain at the proper level in general, problem-free immunity.
When the body feels that it can not cope on its own, he begins to hint that it's time to go to the immunologist. The primary signs of a serious decrease in immunity include: chronic fatigue, fatigue, headaches, drowsiness or insomnia, aches in muscles and joints. Alas, these subtle hints very few people understand. At the next stage there are frequent colds, which last more than two weeks. If they beat you more often than five times a year, then the specialist should be treated without fail. As well as purulent diseases of the oral cavity and nasopharynx. The long-term low-grade fever (37 degrees with low degrees), frequent exacerbations of herpes and malfunctions in the work of the gastrointestinal tract also testify to problems with immunity.

Strengthening Immunity Competently

The Benefits of a Diet for Immunity

How do those or other diets affect immunity?
If in winter or in the off-season, when the body is weakened, you decide to lose more than 5 kg, then the risk of diseases increases, and immunosuppression is almost guaranteed. It's better to forget about strict diets. And if I decided to limit myself, start taking vitamins.
Overeating, too, does not increase immunity: first, digestion of heavy food consumes body resources, and secondly, fatty foods, preservatives, and simply uninterrupted supply of food to the stomach prevent the normal absorption of nutrients. Support the immune system will help: seafood, fiber (nuts, bread with bran, cereals, vegetables and fruits), vegetable fats and sour-milk products. Remember that in cold weather it is necessary to drink at least one and a half liters of liquid. It can be herbal tea or rose hips (it has a lot of vitamin C), freshly squeezed juices. To assimilate all useful substances, juice is best to drink 30-40 minutes before or one hour after eating.

Take action against epidemics

How to protect yourself if everyone around is sick?
Strengthening Immunity CompetentlyTo avoid getting infected with the flu, before leaving the house, brush the nose inside with oxolin, ointment with viferon or boric petroleum jelly. They will not allow the virus particles to penetrate the respiratory tract. You can also take a handkerchief and moisten it with aromatic oil of lavender or wormwood. Periodically put it to the nose, especially if someone next door coughs or sneezes. Substances that are contained in these oils, prevent infection with influenza. In addition, for a while forget about decency and eat garlic and onion daily - health is more expensive. Obtain vitamin C from citrus (lemons, oranges, tangerines) and sauerkraut.

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